Roblin Animal Hospital/ Red River Spay and Neuter Clinic:
Distemper Combination Vaccine
One of the most common vaccines for a dog to get is the Distemper Combination Vaccine. This Vaccine vaccinates against the Distemper Virus, Adenovirus Type 2, Parvo Virus and Para influenza. You can protect your pet from all these diseases with just 1 vaccine!
As puppies, dogs get the Distemper Vaccine at 8 weeks, 12 weeks and 16 weeks of age. They then get a booster 1 year later. After this our vaccine is good for 3 years! Clinics have different vaccine protocols so it’s important to find out what protocol your vet clinic has.
Distemper is a viral infection that is transmitted by aerosols and infected bodily fluids. Puppies are most susceptible to this infection but older dogs can contract it as well. The virus first appears in the lymph nodes and tonsils. It then enters the bloodstream. The virus causes fever, low white blood cell counts, low platelet counts, decreased eating, runny nose, and discharge from the eyes. As it progresses it starts to cause gastrointestinal and respiratory problems as well as abdominal lesions and thickening of the foot pads and nose pad. It eventually starts to cause inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and the neurological system becomes affected. It is a life threatening infection and should be seen by a veterinarian as soon as possible!
Dogs that survive Distemper often have lifelong symptoms. They often have thick pads on their feet and nose. Puppies will often have enamel problems with their teeth which will cause these teeth to erode quickly. If the neurological system was affected the dog may live with progressive degeneration of mental abilities and motor skills. They can sometimes have more severe symptoms such as seizures, paralysis, loss of sight and in coordination.
Adenovirus Type 2 and Parainfluenza are viruses that causes respiratory disease in dogs and are two of the infectious agents that are associated with “kennel cough”. It is transmitted through aerosols from infected dogs coughing or sneezing. Dogs that are around many other dogs (ie: dog parks, grooming facilities, boarding facilities) are more susceptible to this virus. Clinical signs include coughing, retching, gagging, coughing up white foam, fever and nasal discharge. Sometimes inflammation of the inner eyelids occurs. There are medications that can be given to help with the symptoms while the body combats the virus.
Parvo Virus is a highly contagious virus transmitted through the fecal to oral route. Puppies are more susceptible to the virus but adults can contract it as well. In severe cases a dog can die within 48-72 hours if not treated.
The gastrointestinal form is the most common form seen. The virus enters the lymph nodes and then enters the blood stream. The virus causes symptoms such as lethargy, vomiting, fever and sever bloody diarrhea. The vomiting and diarrhea often leads to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Bleeding in the intestine can cause anemia and low white blood cell counts. It is very important for these pets to see a veterinarian to help manage dehydration and combat the virus. Dogs infected are considered extremely contagious and are often housed in an isolation ward to prevent further spread of the virus.
Canine Rabies Vaccine
City by law mandates that your dog be rabies vaccinated. They can come to you at any time to ask for proof of vaccination. Without proof they can fine you. If you are traveling down to the states you will need your pet to be rabies vaccinated. You can ask your veterinarian for a vaccine certificate to take with you for proof of vaccination.
As puppies, dogs get the Rabies Vaccine at 16 weeks of age. The rabies vaccine does not require a booster until a year later. After this the vaccine is good for 3 years! Clinics have different vaccine protocols so it’s important to find out what protocol your vet clinic has.
Rabies is a viral disease that attacks the central nervous system of animals, including humans. In Canada, the animals that most often transmit rabies are foxes, skunks, bats and feral cats. Transition is through bites and saliva.
There are two forms of rabies: paralytic and furious. In the early stage of rabies, the dog will show only mild signs of central nervous system abnormalities. This stage will last from one to three days. Most dogs will then progress to either the furious stage, the paralytic stage, or a combination of the two, while others succumb to the infection without displaying any major symptoms.
Furious rabies is characterized by extreme behavioral changes, including aggression and attacking behavior. Paralytic rabies, also referred to as dumb rabies, is characterized by weakness and loss of coordination, followed by paralysis.
Lyme Disease Vaccine
Lyme Disease is a very prevalent disease in our area. Lyme disease is caused by a bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi and is spread by deer ticks. Ticks become infected with the bacteria by feeding on infected mice and other small animals. They then travel and migrate on deer. With our high deer population in Charleswood it is possible for your dog to get bit by a deer tick in your own back yard. When an infected tick bites animals it transmits these bacteria. Deer ticks are very small, the size of a poppy seed. Because of this they are often not found, even if you are thoroughly checking your pet!
As puppies, dogs get the Lyme Disease vaccine at 12 and 16 weeks. After this it is boostered yearly.
Signs of lyme disease include loss of appetite, lameness in legs, shifting lameness (appears lame on one leg then appears lame on another), difficulty breathing, fever, stiffness, swollen lymph nodes, joint pain, muscle aches and fatigue. As the disease progresses without treatment, common symptoms can include nerve problems, and arthritis.
There is a simple test we can run in the clinic to see if your pet has contracted lyme disease. It also tests for heartworm as well as 2 other tick borne diseases that we don’t have vaccine for. If your pet picks up ticks or is in areas of high tick population we recommend this test yearly.
Bordetalla is also known as ‘Kennel Cough’. Bordetella is a common and highly contagious disease which causes inflammation to the trachea and bronchi. It is very similar to the human cold and is transmitted through airborne aerosols. It is referred to as ‘Kennel Cough’ because it is easily transmitted in areas of large dog population and confined spaces. Many kennels now a day’s won’t let you board a dog that isn’t vaccinated against Bordetella. You can ask your veterinarian for a vaccine certificate to take with you for proof of vaccination.
As puppies, dogs get the Bordetalla Vaccine at 16 weeks of age. After this it is boostered yearly.
Signs of Bordetella are a dry hacking cough, gagging, retching, coughing up white foam, nasal discharge, fever and decrease eating. Occasionally it can progress to pneumonia. Puppies and older dogs are immunocompromised and are often hit harder by the symptoms.